NOT JUST VASCULAR CARE, EXCEPTIONAL VASCULAR CARE

Your health care is complicated enough… finding the right Vascular Surgeon shouldn’t be!

Experience counts when it comes to your health

Polyxene (Polly) Kokinos MD. RPVI. Board Certified in Vascular and General Surgery

Silicon Valley’s Most Trusted Vascular Surgeon.

Dr Kokinos…The Confidence of knowing you made the Right choice for your Vascular care.

  • The confidence of knowing that your vascular surgeon has been taking care of South Bay patients with vascular disease for almost 30 years.
  • The confidence of knowing that your surgeon built her private practice one patient at a time for almost a quarter of a century…BECAUSE referring PHYSICIANS TRUST Dr Kokinos to deliver the best possible outcomes for their patients: even in the most difficult of circumstances.
  • The confidence of knowing that your surgeon delivers both world class and compassionate care. That Dr Kokinos is the only Vascular surgeon in the South Bay who has built an independent, nationally accredited, state of the art Vascular Surgery Center of Excellence where SHE takes care of her patients…where cutting edge care is at the heart of everything that she does.
  • The confidence of knowing that your surgeon has earned the trust of local physicians. More independent local physicians refer their vascular patients to Dr Kokinos than to any other vascular surgeon in Silicon Valley.
  • The confidence of knowing you will receive the most Advanced and Innovative Care found anywhere in the world…No other vascular surgery practice in Silicon Valley offers a combination of the imaging, device and care options that South Bay Vascular Center can offer to their patients in their private, AAAASF nationally accredited ambulatory surgery center dedicated entirely to the treatment of complex vascular disease. “We offer hope when others say there is none”
  • The confidence of knowing you will receive Personalized Care…” One Doctor, One Patient, One Nurse” …We’re NOT a hospital; we are more. That’s why we provide individualized care. At South Bay Vascular Center, we care for you as a person, not just as another patient. Our job is to understand the “why” so that you have real solutions to living a healthy life.
  • The confidence of knowing you will receive Simplified Care: ALL your vascular care under one roof. Clinical care, Vascular Ultrasound care, and Surgical care. All your care in a single facility.

South Bay Vascular Center and Vein Institute. Silicon Valley’s Vascular Surgeon.

A SWOLLEN LEG IS NOT NORMAL

Leg Swelling: Iliac Vein Compression
Chronic pain and swelling in one leg, (especially the left side) may be caused by iliac Vein Compression. This is a little-known but fairly common condition that can greatly impact your quality of life – and may lead to more serious complications. Leg swelling is NOT a normal part of aging or weight gain. And it’s NOT something you have to “just live with.”

Leg swelling is a special area of interest of Dr. Polly Kokinos, and she has been active in doing clinical research to find better ways to diagnose and to treat this condition. South Bay Vascular Center and Vein Institute is recognized as the leading treatment center for evaluating and treating left leg swelling. If you have been told there is nothing to do for your leg swelling, call us at 408-376-3626 for an evaluation. We offer hope when others say there is none!

About Iliac Vein Compression:
Iliac vein compression (also known as May-Thurner Symptom) is an anatomic condition that occurs when the left iliac vein gets squeezed and compressed between the lumbar spine and the right iliac artery. This compression prevents the adequate drainage of blood from the leg, which can cause serious problems such as swelling, aching, blood clots, and non-healihg ulcerations. (See Diagram)

Symptoms:

  • Swelling, heaviness and aching in one leg, especially the left leg
  • Recurrent blood clots, especially in the left leg
  • Non healing wounds or dark dry skin in the ankle or shin

Solutions
South Bay Vascular Center and Vein Institute is the leading leg swelling clininc in Northern California offering cutting-edge treatment options that very few other facilities can deliver. We are at the forefront of diagnosing Iliac Vein Compression using regular vascular ultrasound and in treating it with the newest endovascuar techniques using IVUS (intravascular ultrasound) and stents in an outpationt office setting.

If you or a loved one are suffering from leg swelling or any other vascular problems, please call our office today at 408-376-3626 to schedule an appointment. Our offices in Campbell and Gilroy remain open to safely treat patients even during the COVID-19 crisis.

DO YOU SUFFER FROM SWOLLEN LEGS? WE CAN HELP!

Do you Suffer From Iliac Vein Compression?

To answer that question, take a few seconds to consider the following:

▪ Are your legs swollen? Is your left leg larger than your right?
▪ Is it harder to slip one shoe on in the morning than the other?
▪ Have you had cosmetic or other surgical procedure done and not gotten the outcome you wanted?
▪ Are you a cancer patient undergoing treatment or procedures?
▪ Have you ever suffered from a blood clot or (DVT) in your leg
▪ Do you visit a wound care clinic with little to no success?

If you’ve answered yes to any of these questions, you MAY be suffering from a well known, but previously difficult to diagnose problem called May-Thurner’s Syndrome.

May Thurner’s Syndrome, also known as iliac Vein Compression, is a condition where the main artery supplying blood to the leg pushes down or compresses the main vein taking blood back to your heart. Previously undiagnosed, major advances in medical imaging technology have given vascular surgeons the tools needed to demonstrate that May Thurner’s syndrome is directly responsible for the slowing of blood going back to ones heart resulting in the swelling and or edema of the leg. These same studies have shown that in a full 30% of all people, the left iliac vein can be significantly compressed by the right iliac artery resulting in some kind of leg symptom….aching, heaviness, and most commonly, swelling or non-healing of wounds in the leg veins.

The Physicians and Surgeons at South Bay Vascular Center and Vein Institute specialize in treating Iliac Vein Compression. To diagnose and to treat this condition and the potentially deadly side effects caused by it (Blood Clots or Deep Venous Thrombosis) Dr. Kokinos has assembled a highly skilled team of vascular ultrasonographer’s who have developed a specialized screening protocol to evaluate for Iliac Vein Compression. Using state of the art ultrasonic imaging technology Registered Vascular Ultrasonographer’s use this new protocol and ultrasonic sound waves to scan up into the abdomen of their patients to examine the physics of the blood flow in this area. If a patient is found to have iliac vein compression, and is symptomatic for this condition, we then recommend IVUS–intravascular ultrasound and iliac vein stenting to re-establish blood flow in this area by opening up the compressed blood vessel in this area.

South Bay Vascular Center is a specialized vascular surgical facility dedicated entirely to treating vascular related illnesses. Unlike in a traditional hospital operating room, South Bay Vascular’s nationally accredited ambulatory surgery center is designed specifically to treat this kind of circulatory disease. Using advanced imaging equipment and device technology designed specifically for vascular related illnesses Dr. Kokinos is able to treat IVC disease in her outpatient surgery center setting in Campbell, CA. Treating her patients in this kinder and gentler environment Dr. Kokinos simplifies what has traditionally been the difficult, unfriendly and often times complicated admissions process of a traditional hospital. To date, Dr. Kokinos has successfully performed over 200 of these iliac vein stent procedures in her out-patient angiography suite and has lectured extensively at major vascular surgery meetings on her approach and success helping patients reduce leg swelling, increase the rate of wound healing and return to a normal way of living.

If you are currently experiencing a swollen leg, have a non healing leg, foot,or ankle wounds or have ever suffered a blood clot (DVT) please contact our office at 408-376-3626 to schedule an appointment.

Don’t suffer from swollen legs or non-healing leg ulcers any longer.

We can help!

408-376-3626

WWW.SOUTHBAYVASCULAR.COM

WHEN HIP PAIN MAY BE MORE THAN JUST ARTHRITIS

Do your legs hurt when you walk? Can you only walk a block or two before you start experiencing cramping in your hip or buttock? Often times, patients are told this is just a normal part of getting older and probably due to arthritis. But sometimes it isn’t. If your pain only happens when you walk a certain distance and stops when you stop walking, it may be a circulation issue known as claudication. Claudication is a vascular condition that occurs when your leg muscles do not get enough blood flow while they are being used. This is generally caused by a build-up of plaque in the arteries–known as atherosclerosis–in your abdomen or legs. This build-up of plaque on the inside of the arteries, which carry oxygen and nutrients to your organs and muscles, restricts how much blood and therefore oxygen can get to the muscles. When you walk, you use energy, and your muscle requires more oxygen and nutrients to work. If the muscle does not get this needed oxygen, it begins to cramp up. This causes pain, and ultimately causes you to stop walking. Those at risk for this happening are people over the age of 60, those who smoke or were smokers in the past, those with high cholesterol or high blood pressure, and those who have heart disease or have had an ischemic stroke.

This problem can occur in one or multiple arteries from your belly button to your knee. It can be easily diagnosed on exam by simply feeling pulses in the patient’s groin, behind their knees, and at their ankles to check for blood flow. We can also listen for an abnormal sound called a “bruit” in the abdomen or the groin with a stethoscope. Where the pain is in your leg gives a clue as to where the problem is in your arteries. If there is a problem in the arteries in your abdomen or pelvis (the aorta and iliac arteries), it will cause buttock or hip pain with walking. This is often confused as hip arthritis or bursitis by medical doctors and patients. At SBVC, we have seen many patients who have had multiple injections into their backs or hip joints with no relief. On exam, we find they do not have pulses in their groin. An ultrasound done by specialized vascular technologists checking blood flow in the arteries will confirm this exam finding and can help plan treatment. Most treatments today are directed at opening the blood vessels up with surgery or a stent procedure. These are very safe and can immediately provide relief from pain and allow the patient to walk much longer distances than before. If you believe you are suffering from claudication, please talk to your doctor about your options. You may benefit from seeing a vascular surgeon for ultrasound and possible treatment.

BLOOD CLOTS (DEEP VENOUS THROMBOSIS‐DVT) A SILENT KILLER

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. Deep vein thrombosis can cause leg pain or swelling, but may occur without any symptoms. DVT is a very feared complication of venous disease because it can lead to a pulmonary embolus, a clot in the lung that can be deadly.

There are several symptoms to DVT but the most common are the sudden onset of pain and swelling in your leg. This does not happen in your foot, but happens, most commonly in the back of your calf or your entire thigh. Usually, the painful part of your leg is also swollen. This comes on abruptly and generally does not go away even after a few days. It is very important to go to your regular doctor and get an ultrasound of your leg. If this is “normal” but the swelling or pain persists, then you should go see a vascular surgeon as more testing (such as CT scan or specialized ultrasound) may need to be done. This is quite important to do quickly as some treatments only work if they are done within a week of the development of symptoms.

If you are diagnosed with a DVT, you should be treated with blood thinners immediately. The role of blood thinners is not to actually “dissolve” the clot in your leg, but rather to prevent it from travelling to your lung and causing a Pulmonary Embolus. The blood thinners also work to prevent the clot from becoming more extensive. If this is your first blood clot, you should be treated for 6 weeks to 3 months with blood thinners depending on why the blood clot occurred. The risk factors for developing blood clots include long plane or car rides, immobility (after an operation or injury), obesity, being very sedentary, pregnancy, having had an orthopedic or gynecologic procedure, some genetic factors (hypercoagulable syndromes), dehydration, and cancer. It is important if there if there is not a clear reason for the blood clot, that a search for a hidden cause be done.

Dr. Kokinos and the staff at South Bay Vascular Center and Vein Institute are experts in the identification of and treatment of blood clots. If you or anyone you know suffers from the rapid onset of pain and or swelling following a medical procedure and or long trip (most common on long airplane flights) please contact your primary physician immediately or call us at 408-376-3626 to discuss your treatment options.

TREATMENT OF VARICOSE VEINS IN LOS GATOS

WE CAN TREAT YOUR VARICOSE VEINS, SWOLLEN, ACHING LEGS, NON HEALING LEG WOUNDS, AND PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE

For 20 years, the physicians and staff of South Bay Vascular Center and Vein Institute have successfully treated tens of thousands of patients in the Silicon Valley communities of Los Gatos, San Jose, Campbell, Los Altos, Palo Alto, Morgan Hill, Gilroy and the greater South Bay. Our ABMS Boarded Vascular Surgeons are experts in the treatment of varicose veins and swollen legs and can help patients get their lives back by successfully treating these conditions.

Spider and varicose veins are a common problem that many men and women have to confront. Spider veins are small, reddish veins that appear on the surface on the skin, while varicose veins are blue, tangled, bulging, knotted vessels that are much larger. Women are more likely to experience varicose veins than men, but they are common among both genders.

Aside from their unsightly appearance, varicose veins can cause a feeling of heaviness or tiredness in the leg, swelling, tenderness or pain when touched, and a general sense of restlessness. Age and family history are two major factors in a person’s risk of varicose or spider veins, but lifestyle also has a role to play. People who do not exercise regularly, are overweight or obese, or who sit or stand for long periods of time have a higher risk of varicose veins and venous insufficiency. Women who are pregnant also have a higher chance of these issues.

Varicose and spider veins are most common among people who are middle­aged, but even those in their teens and twenties can have this problem. No matter what a person’s age, there is no reason to wait to have these issues examined.

Vein issues can occur if a vein becomes weakened. Elastic vein walls and tiny one­way valves help send blood back to the heart, but if they lose their strength blood can start to pool backwards into the vein. Varicose veins may not be symptomatic at first, but many patients eventually report achiness and a sense of heaviness in their legs. Often accompanying these symptoms are ankle and lower leg swelling, cramps, a sense of restlessness, and an irritated or itchy rash around the ankles. The area around the vein may become numb or tender to the touch.

Varicose vein symptoms can also be aesthetic. Bulging, twisted, or knotted veins can form over the ankle and foot while the skin around them becomes discolored, leathery, and thick. In advanced stages this skin may begin to break down, leading to ulceration.

Spider veins are similar to varicosities, but they are smaller and appear closer to the skin’s surface. As their name suggest, they often form in patterns similar to spider webs. They are often red in color and may be a sign of more serious ​vein disease​ under the skin

Varicose veins can lead to more serious conditions, including:
● Thromboses – blood clots that form in an enlarged vein
● Phlebitis – vein inflammation
● Venous Stasis Ulcers – Ulcers that form due to a lack of proper drainage in an enlarged vein

Lots of centers treat the complications of poor flow through the venous system when it shows up as spider veins, varicose veins, and other cosmetic issues. Fast cosmetic fixes, however, can often mask more serious underlying circulation issues that only a vascular surgeon is trained to address. At South Bay Vascular Center and Vein Institute our goal is simple: to ensure the best possible outcomes in the safest and most comfortable environment possible.

If you suffer from varicose veins, leg swelling, especially Left Leg Swelling, after cosmetic vein treatments, please call our office at 408-376-3626 to discuss how we can treat your varicose vein and other circulatory issues. We Can Help!

HOW ARE VARICOSE VEINS TREATED?

Both invasive and non-invasive (i.e surgical and non-surgical) methods are available to treat varicose veins. Non-invasive methods include wearing compression stockings, exercising, leg elevation, losing weight, not wearing tight clothes, avoiding long periods of standing or sitting and not crossing your legs while seated. Invasive treatments include endovenous therapy, ligation, and phlebectomy.

Endovenous therapy is treatment from inside the vein using heat generated by lasers, radiofrequency devices or chemicals to irritate the vein walls and cause the vein to close and then be reabsorbed by the body. Ligation is tying off a vein to cause it to shrink. Phlebectomy is removal of varicose veins. Only after your physician evaluates a patients vascular ultrasound study are they in a position to discuss the best treatment option for their patients. The vascular surgeons of South Bay Vascular Center and Vein Institute have successfully treated tens of thousands of varicose vein patients in their 20 year history of serving the silicon valley community. With offices in Campbell and Morgan Hill, Dr. Kokinos and her staff are honored to meet with you to discuss any questions you may have regarding varicose veins or any other circulatory related medical condition. Please call our office today to schedule an appointment to help us evaluate your treatment options. 408-376-3626

SWOLLEN LEG?

It is amazing to me how many patients we see who have suffered with leg swelling or wounds for months or years. They believe that it will just go away, or that the wound will just heal. Sometimes, they have even gone to their doctor, who usually does not even look at their leg. Although mild ankle swelling can sometimes occur just because the weather has been hot, or you have been sitting for a long time, or you had a lot of salt in your diet, the vast majority of the time, there is actually an underlying reason for the leg swelling. This can include such “big” problems such as a heart or kidney problem, a blood clot that has not been diagnosed (especially after an orthopedic procedure or a long car or plane trip), a tumor that is compressing your abdominal or pelvic vessels, or leaky valves in your veins. It is truly important to seek expert help from a vascular surgeon if your leg swelling extends up into your calf, or if it lasts more than a couple of days. This is especially true if it is painful. That is most commonly the sign of a deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and those must be treated immediately to prevent the blood clot from going to your lung and potentially killing you. Pulmonary embolus, when the clot travels to your lung and blocks a main artery there, is the number three cause of death in the United States that nobody talks about.

The work-up for leg swelling almost always will involve a leg ultrasound. This is a painless, quick, and inexpensive test that is diagnostic both for blood clots and leaky valves in the veins. Sometimes, if the problem is in the abdomen or pelvis, an ultrasound or CT scan there may be necessary. If the problems relates to a kidney or heart issue, blood work may be in order. In any case, sometimes, the treatment of the underlying problems that cause leg swelling need to be begun within a few days of its occuring so that one can have the best outcome possible.

If you have a swollen leg, whether it is for a few days or several months, come see the experts at South Bay Vascular Center to help diagnose and treat its cause.

SOUTH BAY VASCULAR CENTER LAUNCHES NEW WEBSITE

South Bay Vascular Center and Vein Institute is pleased to announce the launch of their new website. The new site is designed to offer patients an easy to read, customer friendly option for interacting with our practice. Our goal with the new site is:

  • To provide our patients and prospective patients a more complete understanding of our practice; who we are and what we do.
  • To help educate our patients on the available options for the diagnosis and treatment of their vascular medical issues.
  • To improve our customer service for patients by giving them the ability to submit their insurance information on line, in advance of their visit, in an effort to both streamline their visit and to verify coverage.
  • To provide a portal through which patients can download all of their check-in and registration documents, as well as their pre-operative and post-operative medical instructions directly from the website.

South Bay Vascular Center and Vein Institute is proud to celebrate its 20th year serving the patients of Silicon Valley, South County and beyond. With the opening of our new angiography suite in Campbell, CA. our practice continues to be on the cutting edge of Vascular medicine. Advancements in medical imaging and devices have enabled our surgeons and interventional radiology partners to treat circulatory issues in our new state of the art center in ways that were never before possible, greatly enhancing our ability to serve the vascular surgery needs of our patients.

Dr. Kokinos, a nationally recognized ABMS Board Certified General and Vascular Surgeon, and her staff are pleased to meet and to discuss treatment options for all your vascular related issues. If you suffer from leg swelling, non-healing ulcers and wounds, experience complications following cosmetic vascular procedures (varicose and spider veins etc) have been diagnosed with a Blood Clot or DVT, we are here to help.

Don’t continue to suffer alone…we can provide guidance and help when you feel like there are no answers to your medical condition. Give us a call to discuss your treatment options and we can help you “Get your life back.”